Ten Women Who Proved: Sky is the limit with their revolutionary contributions
Reading Outcome : The forum for women’s equality has always been in the eyes of media and the society for a very long time. But what it is important to be noted that science and gender equality is very important for a nation to progress. Interestingly in these 15 years, the global science community has made a lot of effort in inspiring and engaging women and girls in science.
Yet, women and girls continue to be excluded from participating fully in science. Keeping that in mind and with a view to grant equal participation in science for women and girls, and to broaden the empowerment of women and girls, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution called as the A/RES/70/212 declaring 11th February as the International Day of Women and Girls in Science.
This blog is a short yet precise compilation of leading national and international women who not only imbibed science and technology as a part of their life but, made it a point to revolutionize the world through their untiring efforts and at the same time turned out to be inspiring role models for women across the globe. Also, the blog will highlight the contribution showcased by them in a compelling manner!
Reading Time: 15 Minutes
The Real Crux:
The real ratio of women in science and technology
We all are aware of the fact that women are not only capable of great leadership positions but at the same posses multi-tasking capability to a great extent. This ultimately gives them the leverage of handling anything and everything with utmost dedication and commitment.
Especially in the field of Science and Technology, it becomes all the more important for such women to play a major role in taking the nation to a whole new horizon that elevates the nation’s overall growth and development.
Like mentioned in the opening lines, over the past decades, a lot of women and young girls have actually broken down their stereotyped gender roles and went on to do great wonders in the field of science.
One such example is a cumulative group of women such as,
- MoumitaDutta- the Project manager of the MOM mission
- NandiniHarinath- the Deputy Operations Director of Navigation
- RituKaridhal- Deputy Operations Director of Navigation
- Dakshayani- Former Group director of the Flight Dynamics and Space Navigation groups of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Satellite Centre
- Karidhal – Aerospace engineer, currently working on the Chandrayaan 2 mission, (former) Deputy Operations Director to India’s Mars Orbital Mission, Mangalyaan
- NadiniHarinath- Rocket scientist at the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Satellite Centre
- Anuradha TK – Scientist and project director of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), specialising in communication satellites were
- MoumitaDutta- the Project manager of the MOM mission
satellites were behind the successful launch of Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) also called as Mangalyaan
Despite this outshining list, at present, only 30 per cent of global researchers are women. According to a UNESCO data (2014 - 2016), only around 30 per cent of female students select STEM-related fields in higher education.
The reason behind such low statistical rates often can be attributed to factors like Long-standing biases and gender stereotypes which actually keeps the women and aspiring young girls away from scient related fields.
As in the real world, the world on screen reflects similar biases—the 2015 Gender Bias Without Borders study by the Geena Davis Institute showed that of the onscreen characters with an identifiable STEM job, only 12 per cent were women.
With a view to fight back such holdable notions that reduce the role of women in powerful Science and technology genres a lot of rural programmes and awareness campaigns are often conducted to increase the women’s participation in such critical areas.
The hope is at least in the upcoming years such notion will be broken down and more and more of women power will become more noticeable! Until then let’s celebrate the women who made/making difference in the lives of people and society.
The True Story:
Ten Women Who Proved Sky is the limit with their revolutionary contributions
Indian women who made the nation proud since time immemorial
Since days of yore, India is celebrated for its rich commitment to the field of science and arithmetic. Truth be told, the idea of "Zero" as a number and decimal framework were developments of splendid mathematicians of old India.
India's rich history is loaded with instances of a few extraordinary researchers who have carried enormous pride to the country. Among them there are a few lady researchers who have contributed essentially to different orders of Science.
Their lives are good examples for all young ladies who seek to make an imprint in the field of science and innovation. So, let us take a look at five all time and great Indian women researchers who brough laurels.
Years Active: (1865 – 1887)
Who was she? Joshi was the principal Indian lady doctor and the main lady to have graduated with a two-year degree in Western Medicine in the United States. Her own life drove her to take up medication. She was hitched at nine years old to a single man who was 20 years more seasoned to her. At 14 years old she brought forth a child who kicked the bucket before long, because of absence of enough restorative offices.
What was she famous for? The demise of her new-born child motivated her to turn into a doctor. Her better half urged her to examine drug abroad. She learned at the Women's Medical College of Pennsylvania in 1886; this was the main ladies' medicinal program around the world.
Years Active: (1897 – 1984)
Who was she? Ammal was the primary Indian researcher to have gotten the Padma Shri Award in 1977, who proceeded to involve the presumed post of the executive general of the Botanical Survey of India. In 1900s, Ammal took up organic science, which was a surprising decision for ladies. She acquired a distinctions degree in organic science from the Presidency College in 1921.
What was she famous for? She sought after logical research in cytogenetics — a part of hereditary qualities that is worried about how the chromosomes can identify with the cell conduct and phytogeography — worried about the geographic dissemination of the plant species. Ammal's most eminent work is on sugarcane and Brinjal
Years Active: (1912 – 1998)
Who was she? Sohonie was the main Indian lady to have packed away a PhD degree in the logical order. She applied to the IISc for an examination association and met with dismissal only on the grounds that she was a lady.
What was she famous for? She was the primary female understudy of Prof. CV Raman, who was the then IISc chief. Because of her amazing presentation, Raman gave her authorization to seek after further research. She found that each cell of a plant tissue contained the catalyst 'cytochrome C' which was engaged with the oxidation of all plant cells.
Years Active: (1917 – 2006)
Who was she? An Indian scientific expert, she is respected profoundly for her works in the fields of natural science and phytochemistry (synthetic substances got from plants). She graduated in science from the Scottish Church College of the University of Calcutta in 1936 and afterward sought-after research.
What was she famous for? Her most prominent work remembers look into for vinca alkaloids (got from the periwinkle that is known for its enemy of malignant growth properties), and the improvement of against epileptic and hostile to malarial medications.
Years Active: (1922 – 2010)
Who was she? First lady engineer from the territory of Karnataka, Rajeshwari got an administration grant to contemplate abroad in 1946. She learned at the University of Michigan where she got her Masters certificate from the Department of Electrical Engineering.
What was she famous for? In the wake of acquiring a doctorate certificate, she came back to India and joined the Department of Electrical Communication Engineering at IISc as an employee where she alongside her significant other set up a microwave look into research facility where they did spearhead chip away at microwave building.
Internationally renowned Women Scientists who made the world look at them in a stunning manner!
Leaving aside notable ladies science Nobelists like Marie Curie or people, for example, Jane Goodall, Rosalind Franklin, and Rachel Carson, whose names show up in reading material and, every now and then, even in the mainstream media, what number of acclaimed or spearheading lady researchers would you be able to name? On the off chance that any of the 5 ladies recorded here sound natural, we're surprised!
Years Active: (1896-1978)
Who was she? Ida Noddack, a German scientific expert, codiscovered the synthetic component rhenium and first proposed the possibility of atomic parting. In 1934 Italian physicist Enrico Fermi asserted conceivable generation of nuclear components heavier than uranium (or transuranium components) after assault of uranium with neutrons.
What was she famous for? in a paper on Fermi's disclosure, Noddack noted in passing that the assault of uranium could have really created littler cores. Her recommendation was the primary proposition of the idea of atomic parting.
Notwithstanding, it was disregarded at the time since it involved such an expansive takeoff from the acknowledged perspectives on atomic material science and was unsupported by clear concoction proof. In 1938 German scientific experts Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann indicated that the uranium had in reality part separated into lighter components and that splitting was conceivable. In 1939 Noddack attested her earlier revelation of atomic parting. Hahn and Strassmann would not answer Noddack's charges.
Years Active: (1882-1935 )
Who was she? German mathematician EmmyNoether was known for her advancements in higher polynomial math, which picked up her acknowledgment as the most imaginative conceptual algebraist of current occasions. Noether earned a Ph.D. in 1907, having concentrated her thesis chip away at arithmetical invariants. In 1915, while working at the University of Göttingen, her scientific instinct was perceived by David Hilbert and Felix Klein, both of whom significantly impacted the establishments of science and who encouraged her to stay at Göttingen.
What was she famous for? The degree and criticalness of her work can't be precisely made a decision from her papers. Quite a bit of her work showed up in the distributions of understudies and partners; commonly a proposal or even an easygoing comment uncovered her extraordinary understanding and animated another to finish and flawless some thought.
Years Active: ( 1900-1995 )
Who was she? MáriaTelkes, a Hungarian-brought into the world American physical scientific expert and biophysicist, was known for her creation of the sun-oriented distiller and of the main sun based fueled warming framework intended for use in the home. In the wake of moving to the United States in the mid-1920s, she directed research in biophysics at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation and later turned into an examination engineer at Westinghouse Electric.
What was she famous for? During World War II, while working for the U.S. Office of Scientific Research and Development, she made a sunlight-based distiller that disintegrated seawater and recondensed it into consumable water. In 1948 her plan for the world's first home warming framework dependent on the catch of sunlight-based vitality happened as intended with the development of a house in Dover, Massachusetts, that utilized sun powered gatherers and Glauber's salts for heat stockpiling.
Years Active: ( 1900-1979 )
Who was she? Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin found that stars are made for the most part of hydrogen and helium and built up that stars could be ordered by their temperatures. As Britannica relates
What was she famous for? In her Ph.D. proposition (distributed as Stellar Atmospheres ), Payne utilized the otherworldly lines of various components and crafted by Indian astrophysicist MeghnadSaha, who had found a condition relating the ionization conditions of a component in a star to the temperature to conclusively set up that the ghostly arrangement corresponded to quantifiable outstanding temperatures. Payne additionally confirmed that stars are made for the most part out of hydrogen and helium. In any case, she was prevented from this end by cosmologist Henry Norris Russell, who believed that stars would have a similar organization as Earth. (Russell surrendered in 1929 that Payne was right.) Payne got the first Ph.D. in cosmology from Radcliffe College for her proposition, since Harvard didn't give doctoral degrees to ladies. Space experts Otto Struve and VeltaZebergs later called her proposal "without a doubt the most splendid Ph.D. theory at any point written in cosmology."
Years Active: ( 1906-2000 )
Who was she? English nutritionist Elsie Widdowson, in a joint effort with her long-lasting examination accomplice, Robert A. McCance, guided the British government's World War II nourishment proportioning program. Widdowson went to Imperial College, London, where she got unhitched male's and doctoral degrees in science. She met McCance during the 1930s while considering dietetics at King's College of Household and Social Science. The two researched the dietary substance of various sorts of nourishment and distributed their discoveries in 1940 in The Chemical Composition of Foods, a work that got central in the investigation of sustenance.
What was she famous for? At the episode of World War II, Widdowson and McCance set out on a progression of concentrates on the impacts of dietary hardship, which finished in the decision that an eating routine comprising of potatoes, bread, and cabbage satisfied fundamental nourishing prerequisites. They later upheld the stronghold of nourishments with supplements, for example, nutrients.
The Final Takeaway!
The above list goes on to prove that women are more than what we think and can achieve anything and everything if they are given the right opportunity and chance. Plus, the achievements showcased by the above women are a proof of testament that Science and Innovation which was once considered as a men’s zone is now seeing a lot of women bringing in laurels and critical acclaims which is not only taking the nation to great heights, but is also improving the societal developments to a large extent.